A permanent injunction is a final order of a court that a person or entity refrain from certain activities permanently or take certain actions (usually to correct a nuisance) until completed. A permanent injunction is distinguished from a "preliminary" injunction which the court issues pending the outcome of a lawsuit or petition asking for the "permanent" injunction.
To establish entitlement to a preliminary injunction, a movant must establish (1) a likelihood or probability of success on the merits, (2) irreparable harm in the absence of an injunction, and (3) a balance of the equities in favor of granting the injunction. Irreparable injury, for purposes of equity, has been held to mean any injury for which money damages are insufficient. Conversely, economic loss, which is compensable by money damages, does not constitute irreparable harm.
Businesses litigation emergencies that might be appropriate for a permanent injunction include:
Trade secret disclosure
Other situations that may warrant the imposition of a permanent injunction include: stalking, domestic violence, harassment, discrimination [employment law], bullying and physical or sexual abuse.
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